Hay Alternative for Rabbits


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Are you looking for an exciting way to improve your rabbit’s diet? While hay is a vital part of keeping them healthy, why not explore some other options as well? Not only can these snacks add variety, but they can also provide essential nutrients and fiber.

If you’re feeling stumped and can’t feed hay to your bunny, don’t despair, our ultimate guide on the subject has got you covered. This article delves into the many options available, so you can uncover the most suitable one for your pet rabbit.

Hay Alternative for Bunnies

From alfalfa to grass hay, there are multiple types of hay that you can use as a supplement to your rabbit’s diet. To help make the selection easier, we have outlined each one of them below and you can find these in your nearest pet stores.

Grass Hays

For adult rabbits, these alternate hays are an acceptable option. However, it’s not recommended to feed them to young rabbits under the age of 7 months old.

Timothy Hay

Timothy hay has proven to be an exceptionally durable grass hay that maintains its quality through even the most extreme cold weather. Timothy hay has a lengthy, hollow stem with spikelet flowers and is lower in proteins and minerals than alfalfa hay.

It also offers the right amount of sustenance necessary for rabbits. Abundant in fiber and protein, this food is essential to keep your furry pal both healthy and active.


Timothy hay is a superb choice for your pet’s diet, as its natural composition helps stave off digestion and dental disease. Further still, it contains the ideal calcium content to avoid any development of urinary stones.


Pregnant and lactating rabbits, as well as bunnies under the age of 7 months old, should not consume this hay due to their extra nutritional needs. Furthermore, it can cause allergic reactions in some individuals.

Oat Hay:

If your bunny has difficulties digesting timothy hay, oat hay is a great alternative. This hay is packed with nutrients like vitamins, high fiber, and minerals and contains minimal protein due to its oat, wheat, and barley base. It comes from the oat plants.

As rabbits transition through their shedding period, oat hay is a highly recommended food choice due to its ability to strengthen fur. By blending timothy hay with oats hay, pet owners can provide a tasty and stimulating variety of food for their rabbits.


With its crunchy seed heads, this hay is sure to give your bunny the satisfying texture it desires. Additionally, you can mix and match with other hays without any worries.


It can be costly for some pet owners.

Orchard Grass Hay:

Orchard grass hay is sourced from a perennial, herbaceous plant with flat blades that thrives in cooler climates. Compared to Timothy hay, Orchard grass is much more resilient during periods of drought and can be a good substitute for your rabbit.

Orchard Grass grows in tufts that contain stems and cattails, which mature later than most other grasses. Most rabbits prefer to eat soft-textured orchard grass hay due to its fruity smell and green appearance. It has the highest nutritional value, being a high fiber source.


It is low in protein and calcium content, which is ideal for the digestive tract of rabbits. Vets recommend orchard grass because of its long strands that promote natural chewing behavior and dental health in rabbits.


Orchard grass contains a considerable amount of sugar, so if you are feeding this hay to your rabbit, make sure to observe their dental health. It is advised that chew toys be provided in order for them to keep their teeth healthy and strong.

Medow Hay:

Meadow hay is one of two types of hay that comes from a wide variety of wild plants. Owners can feed their pets with this hay daily due to its high fiber and vitamin content.


It comes from different wild herbs and contains high levels of nutrition for rabbits. It has low calories and calcium content, making it suitable for adult rabbits. Meadows have also a variety of flavors and textures and usually come at an affordable price.


It can include unwanted plants and debris, and it can cause issues if you are not careful enough when choosing it for your bunny.

Mountain Hay:

Mountain hay is exceptional since it’s harvested from a plethora of wild herbs. Not only that but its high fiber and vitamin content makes it the perfect daily source for bunnies.

With mountain hay, you can feel confident knowing your pet is getting all the nutrients they need to stay healthy and happy.


It helps in combating and preventing parasites and respiratory problems in rabbits.


Not suitable for all age groups

Straw Hay:

Straw hay is a byproduct of dried stalk cereals such as wheat that is harvested. However, aside from its base, many rabbits are not fond of this type of hay. Owners should mix it with other types of hay to make it more appealing for their baby pet.


You can mix it with other hay, as well as use it as bedding for your rabbit.


It has fewer nutrients and does not fulfill the dietary requirements of rabbits. It is the least digestible and is not digestive tract-friendly.

Legume Hays:

Legume hay is recommended for young rabbits or rabbits that are older than three weeks.

Alfalfa Hay:

Alfalfa hay comes from a herbaceous, perennial legume and contains a lot of vegetable fiber. It has a high calcium, protein, and calorie content. It is best to give this hay to young bunnies that are in their growth stages.


The high protein and calcium content in alfalfa hay helps with bone and teeth development in rabbits. Not only is it the optimal hay for pregnant and lactating rabbits, but vets also recommend this feed to undernourished rabbits.


It can lead to obesity in rabbits, trouble to defecate, and urolithiasis.

Why is Hay Important for Rabbits?

Hay is paramount for rabbits, as it offers fiber and protein that sustains their digestive system. Furthermore, hay helps to keep a balance of blood sugar levels in the body while promoting natural chewing behavior which keeps teeth healthy.

Additionally, hay can help keep a bunny’s teeth trimmed to the right length by wearing away any excess growth on them. Finally, it is a great source of enrichment as it stimulates bunnies’ senses of smell and taste while providing them with something to explore.

What Other Healthy Foods Can I Introduce Into My Bunny’s Diet?

In addition to hay, there are several other healthy eatables that can be introduced into a rabbit’s diet.

Fresh Vegs

Fresh veggies and nutrient-rich greens such as kale, collard greens, parsley, and dandelion greens are just fine.

Root Vegetables

From carrots to cabbage, radishes to beets and turnips, not forgetting broccoli and cauliflower, root vegetables are a tasty addition to any plate; however, you should avoid feeding your rabbit iceberg lettuce.


For an added health benefit, one can incorporate small amounts of nutritious and delicious fruits like apples (without seeds), strawberries, blueberries, and raspberries.

Rabbit Pellets

Provide them with high-quality pellets specifically formulated for rabbits. These pellets will add a beneficial nutrient boost to their diet and bring variation, although pellets should only make up a minimal portion.


To give occasional treats, offer them grains such as oats or barley. Both pasta and brown rice can also be great treats for your rabbit.

Hay Cubes or Tiny Bale

Alfalfa cubes, which are made with dried grass containing valuable proteins and vitamins, can also cut timothy hay rolls for them.

Can Rabbits Be Allergic to Their Food?

Yes, a rabbit can be allergic to certain foods. In these cases, allergies may present themselves as skin hives or itching and even digestive problems like diarrhea or vomiting.

More often than not, the allergen is linked with grass, dust, and feed-related products.

Can Rabbits Eat Potatoes?

Potatoes are an outstanding source of complex carbohydrates and dietary fiber. However, it’s important to remember that potatoes also contain a high amount of sugar and starch, thus making them unsuitable for weight management.

For this reason, they should be given sparingly as part of a balanced diet in order to ensure your rabbit is able to reap the potential benefits without any adverse effects on their overall well-being.

Can Other Animals Eat Treats, Like Rabbits Do?

Absolutely! Creatures other than rabbits can savor treats. Cats, dogs, and even smaller animals like birds, hamsters, guinea pigs, and gerbils can all benefit from healthy snacks specially designed for them.

The vet suggests both crunchy biscuits, as well as chewy goodies, are great options to reward your four-legged friends or furry neighbors, with the added bonus of being nutritious too!

What is Free-choice Feeding?

Free choice is a method of nourishing animals, such as rabbits, that allows them to choose and consume their food as they wish. This approach gives the rabbit the freedom to determine how much and when they should eat, which may help them maintain an ideal weight and nutrition.

The type of food offered for free-choice dining should include hay, fresh vegetables, root vegetables, fruits, pellets, grains, and hay cubes.


In conclusion, rabbits can benefit from a balanced diet that includes hay, fresh vegetables, root vegetables, fruits, pellets, grains, and hay cubes. Free-choice feeding gives them the freedom to choose what they would like to eat and helps keep their weight in check while providing necessary nutrients.